But the head was depicted smaller in proportion, same as the slim legs. But winters were longer and summers rather short. They can be categorized in three groups: firstly full signs like rectangular and oval symbols, secondly thin signs like sticks with or without lateral extensions and finally dots and lines of points. One expert remarked “in Lascaux man came very close to writing”. It is a line with five red deer heads with huge antlers with multiple horns. They were the predominant animal in Lascaux depictions. I am always fascinated by the depiction of true human interaction with animals. The average daily temperature was only about five degrees cooler than today. First human settlements in the area date back to 400.000 BP. With a length of seventeen, a width of six and a height of seven meters it is also the largest chamber. As the hole was too small to enter, he returned with three friends four days later. 1957 he detected the “green disease”, which started to cover the walls. He was a semi nomadic hunter-gatherer and lived in comfortable huts, but not in caves. The reasons for that can be summarized. The reproduced paintings are with regards to color strength identical to the original cave. The so-called leaping cow is with 1.7 meter smaller and shown in a fast running mode with both hind legs fully raised above its belly line. The cave of Lascaux is one of the most fascinating rock art sites, preserved pre-historic painted cave in Europe. At the time the animals in southern France reached a weight of up to 700 kg. It is sophisticated pre-historic and true artistic work. It is a composite animal with woolly rhino body, bison shoulder, lion head, horse tail and is extremely potbellied. But there are many enigmatic geometric symbols often found in context to the animals. Now follow three of the so-called “Chinese” horses. Lying on the ground next to him is a stick with bird head, possibly a decorated spear thrower. Let’s not forget the red cow around 2.4 meter long situated in between horse two and three. He was living in families or group of families with a permanent base and mobile seasonal hunting camps. The following cladogram shows the genetic relationship between P. spelaea and other pantherine cats. This is an interesting statement and only further research and archaeological luck might proof this appealing thought some time in future. It is famous for the surrealistic images of animals that research reveals lived 15,000 years ago. [28], P. spelaea formed a contiguous population from Europe to Alaska over the Bering land bridge, across the range of the mammoth steppe. Aurochs were roaming in small herds with only one bull and several cows. The entrance is situated on the right side of the “bull’s chamber”. The neck is thick, the legs are short and the hoofs rather big. [6], Felis spelaea was the scientific name used by the German paleontologist Georg August Goldfuss in 1810 for a fossil lion skull that was excavated in a cave in southern Germany. Below its body two small brown horses are moving and above them superimposed on the bull’s body a larger red horse with brown head is galloping with them in the same direction as the bull. [41], Isotopic analyses of bone collagen samples extracted from fossils indicate that cave bear cubs, reindeer and other cervids were prominent in the diet of cave lions. The Cro-Magnon Man in comparison was taller, his skull was less rounded, his jaw bones were longer and he had a much shorter life expectancy. The cave art above was discovered in Lascaux Cave in France in 1940. The cave lion was probably predominantly found in open habitits such as steppe and grasslands although it would have also have occurred in open woodlands as well. [7] It possibly dates to the Würm glaciation. The Lascaux cave paintings in southeast France capture the style and subject matter of many of our ancestors' early artistic work. spelaea. The Altamira Cave in Spain was decorated at the same time and has some 930 depictions. The image perspective is often slightly twisted with the body in profile, but the two horns shown in angle. [39] In 2018, another preserved carcass of a cub was found in a location 15 m (49 ft) away. His motifs were animals, hand prints, as well as male and female genitals. Later cave lions seem to have preyed foremost on reindeer, up to the brink of local extinction or extirpation of both species. In addition an early rock fall closed off the entrance and protected the whole cave from outside climatic influences and wear and tear so to speak. Below its body two small brown horses are moving and above them superimposed on the bull’s body a larger red horse with brown head is galloping with them in the same direction as the bull. 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